Suicidal behavior, which is defined as ending the life of the individual
voluntarily, is both a personal and social problem with its economic, cultural,
social and legal aspects. The increase in suicide attempts in our country is
remarkable as in all over the world. The aim of this study was to determine the
risk factors by examining the time of suicide attempt and sociodemographic
characteristics of the patients who admitted to the emergency departments (ED) suffered
from the suicide attempt.
This retrospective, observational study included data from patients who were
admitted to the ED for 6-year period between 2013-2018 years. In the study,
data of the ED suicide attempt form of 7 public hospitals in the province were
scanned and age, gender, marital status, educational status and month and year
of suicide attempt were recorded. Data were recorded in SPSS 22.0 (Armonk, NY:
IBM Corp.) programme. Categorical measurements were recorded as number and
percentage, and continuous measurements were recorded as mean and standard
deviation. p <0.05 was accepted as statistically significant.
A total of 230 patients were included in the study. 32% (n = 76) of the
patients were admitted to center state hospital; 68% (n = 154) of the patients
admitted to district state hospitals. 69.5% (n = 160) of the patients were
between 16-24 years of age. 79.1% (n = 182) of the patients were female and
65.2% (n = 150) were single. 42.2% (n = 97) were primary school graduates and
10.0% (n = 23) were illiterate. The most common presentation was in 2015 with
23.9% (n = 55). Most of the patients included in the study were admitted to
hospital in June with 15% (n = 33).
It is not always possible to pay attention to the psychosocial aspect of cases
with suicide attempts in crowded ED. However, it is important to be aware of
the risk factors to decrease the number of suicide attempts, that is among the
most common causes of death in our country especially in the young age group,
and consult with a psychiatrist.