Evaluation of the Suicide Reasons and Anger Involved In Suicide Attempters Who Come to the Emergency Service
Objective: This study aimed to describe the reasons and the anger that drives patients to attempt suicide
Methods: This is a descriptive study which was conducted with 217 patients that stayed in the Toxicology Intensive Care Unit and had attempted suicide. The data were collected during interviews conducted with the patients, using aquestionnaire form, which included questions on patients` personal information, and the Continuous Anger and Anger Expression Style Scale.
Results: All of the participating patients had taken medication or toxic substances in their attempt to commit suicide. Among the reasons attributed to the patients’ attempts to commit suicide, 30% were based on familial issues, 23% on loneliness and harassment and 16.1% due to mental illnesses. Prior attempts at suicide had been committed by 20.3% of the patients, and 38.2% had been previously diagnosed with a psychiatric illness. In terms of the Continuous Anger and Anger and Expression Style score, the Continuous Anger sub-scale mean score was 27.34 (SD=6.33); the State Anger sub-scale mean score was 22.71 (SD=3.84); the Controlled Anger sub-scale mean score was 16.76 (SS=4.98); the Expressed Anger sub-scale mean score was 19.92 (SD=5.69); and the Internalized Anger sub-scale mean score was 18.71 (SD=3.98).
Conclusion: The study found that medication and toxic substances were the main means by which the patients attempted to commit suicide and that they were in their adolescent period and had low educational levels. Furthermore, those who had made prior attempts at suicide and/or who had been diagnosed with a psychiatric illness were included in the risk group. Lastly, the patients who attempted to commit suicide had high anger mean scores.
İbrahim Özlü MD